When it comes time for you to get down on your knee to propose, or surprise your loved one with a
beautiful diamond, you want everything about that moment to be perfect. Buying a diamond can seem
like a daunting task, but understanding a diamond's characteristics is simple. All you need to know are
the 4C's: Cut, Color, Clarity, Carats.
There are five grades of cuts; excellent, very good, good, fair and poor, which measure the diamond's light performance; or how much light reflects out of the top giving the
diamond more sparkle vs. how much light escapes through the bottom or sides dulling the stone. A good cut showcases the stone's color and draws attention away from the
flaws—it makes the diamond symmetrical and proportionate.
The color grade refers to the whiteness of a diamond. The diamond scale starts with "D", which is colorless, and goes down to "Z", meaning noticeable color. It is very common to see diamond color grades "H-J" in diamonds set in pendants or earrings, but the farther away from "D" color, the more yellow or brown a diamond can look. "Fancy Color" diamonds are diamonds that are colored, often canary yellow or blue. These diamonds are graded in a different manner than diamonds that are in the colorless family.
Clarity is another important quality to look for when buying your perfect diamond. Diamonds can have internal characteristics, also known as inclusions, as well as external
characteristics that are known as blemishes. A flawless diamond, one that has neither inclusions nor blemishes, is very rare. When a grader looks at clarity, he or she uses
magnification and specific lighting to determine the diamond's clarity grade based on the particular characteristics that they see.
Carats are the units of measurement that are used to determine a diamond's weight and estimate its size. This is why two 1 carat diamonds sitting next to each other can
look different in size. Some cut diamonds can have a larger surface area, while others are much deeper. Look for a diamond that has a highly scored cut so it is proportional
in size. It is always a good idea to compare diamonds side by side, measurement by measurement, so you can see exactly what you are getting.
Our expert Gemologist and diamond specialists will help guide you in your decision in buying the most beautiful diamond with the quality and characteristics that are most
important to you.